Sterile Water

STERILE WATER- water injection
B. Braun Medical Inc.

Warning: Hypotonic and hemolytic. Do not inject until made approximately isotonic by addition of appropriate solute.


Sterile Water for Injection USP is a clear, colorless, odorless liquid. It is sterile, hypotonic, nonpyrogenic, and contains no bacteriostatic or antimicrobial agents. Sterile Water for Injection USP is a diluent or solvent suitable for intravascular injection after first having been made approximately isotonic by the addition of suitable solute.

pH: 5.5 (5.0–7.0)

Not made with natural rubber latex, PVC or DEHP.

The plastic container is made from a multilayered film specifically developed for parenteral drugs. It contains no plasticizers and exhibits virtually no leachables. The solution contact layer is a rubberized copolymer of ethylene and propylene. The container is nontoxic and biologically inert. The container-solution unit is a closed system and is not dependent upon entry of external air during administration. The container is overwrapped to provide protection from the physical environment and to provide an additional moisture barrier when necessary.

Addition of medication should be accomplished using complete aseptic technique.

The closure system has two ports; the one for the administration set has a tamper evident plastic protector and the other is a medication addition site. Refer to the Directions for Use of the container.


Sterile Water for Injection USP is used as a diluent or solvent for other parenteral drugs. As such, Sterile Water for Injection USP contributes to the water for hydration when provided in parenteral drug and fluid therapy, after the introduction of suitable additives and/or mixture with suitable solutes to approximate isotonicity.


Sterile Water for Injection USP is indicated for use in adults and pediatric patients as a diluent or solvent in the aseptic preparation of parenteral solutions or as a vehicle for drug administration.


None known.


Hypotonic and hemolytic. Do not inject until made approximately isotonic by addition of an appropriate solute, due to the possibility of hemolysis.

The administration of intravenous solutions can cause fluid and/or solute overload resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentration.

WARNING: This product contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.

Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.



To minimize the risk of possible incompatibilities arising from the mixing of additives that may be prescribed, the final infusate should be inspected for cloudiness or precipitation immediately after mixing, prior to administration and periodically during administration.

Do not use plastic containers in series connection.

If administration is controlled by a pumping device, care must be taken to discontinue pumping action before the container runs dry or air embolism may result. If administration is not controlled by a pumping device, refrain from applying excessive pressure (>300mmHg) causing distortion to the container such as wringing or twisting. Such handling could result in breakage of the container.

This solution is intended for intravenous administration using sterile equipment. It is recommended that intravenous administration apparatus be replaced at least once every 24 hours.

Use only if solution is clear and container and seals are intact.

The drug product contains no more than 25 mcg/L of aluminum.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Refer to the package insert of the solute used.

Usage in Pregnancy

Refer to the package insert of the solute used.

Nursing Mothers

Refer to the package insert of the solute used.

Pediatric Use

Refer to the package insert of the solute used. See WARNINGS section regarding aluminum.

Geriatric Use

Refer to the package insert of the solute used. See WARNINGS section regarding aluminum.


Refer to the package insert of the solute used.

Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation and hypervolemia.

The physician should also be alert to the possibility of adverse reactions to drug additives. Prescribing information for drug additives to be administered in this manner should be consulted.

If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.


Overdosage (hypotonic expansion) is a function of an increase in fluid intake over fluid output, and occurs when the increase in the volume of body fluids is due to water alone. Overdosage may occur in patients who receive large quantities of electrolyte-free water to replace abnormal excessive fluid losses, in patients whose renal tolerance to water loads is exceeded, or in patients who retain water postoperatively in response to stress.

Manifestations of water intoxication are behavioral changes (confusion, apathy, disorientation and attendant hyponatremia), central nervous system disturbances (weakness, muscle twitching, headaches, nausea, vomiting, convulsions) and weight gain.

Treatment consists of withholding fluids until excessive water is excreted. In severe hyponatremia it may be necessary to cautiously administer hypertonic saline to increase extracellular osmotic pressure and excretion of excess water by the kidneys.


This solution is for intravenous use only. Do not inject until made approximately isotonic by addition of appropriate solute.

The dosage and administration of Sterile Water for Injection USP is dependent upon the recommended dosage and administration of the solute used. Fluid administration should be based on calculated maintenance or replacement fluid requirements for each patient.

Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic techniques. Mix thoroughly. Do not store.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.


Sterile Water for Injection USP is supplied sterile and nonpyrogenic in EXCEL® Containers. The 1000 mL containers are packaged 12 per case; the 500 mL and 250 mL containers are packaged 24 per case.

Sterile Water for Injection USP(Canada DIN 01927930)
0264-7850-00 L8500 1000 mL
0264-7850-10 L8501-01 500 mL
0264-7850-20 L8502 250 mL
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