SYMJEPI (Page 3 of 6)

11 DESCRIPTION

Each SYMJEPI pre-filled, syringe delivers a single dose of 0.3 mg of epinephrine from epinephrine injection, USP (0.3mg/0.3 mL).

Each SYMJEPI (epinephrine injection, USP) syringe contains 0.8 mL of sterile aqueous solution of epinephrine for intramuscular or subcutaneous administration. The syringe is overfilled for stability purposes; more than half of the solution remains in the syringe after use and CANNOT BE REUSED.

Each 0.3 mL contains 0.3 mg epinephrine, 1.8 mg sodium chloride, 0.5 mg sodium metabisulfite, hydrochloric acid to adjust pH, and Water for Injection. The pH range is 2.2-5.0.

Epinephrine is a sympathomimetic catecholamine (a non-selective alpha and beta-adrenergic receptor agonist) designated chemically as (-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-α-[(methylamino)methyl]benzyl alcohol and has the following structure:

structure
(click image for full-size original)

The molecular weight of epinephrine is 183.20.

Epinephrine solution deteriorates rapidly on exposure to air or light, turning pink from oxidation to adrenochrome and brown from formation of melanin. Replace SYMJEPI if the solution appears discolored (pinkish or brown color), cloudy, or contains particles.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Epinephrine acts on both alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Through its action on alpha-adrenergic receptors, epinephrine lessens the vasodilation and increased vascular permeability that occurs during anaphylaxis, which can lead to loss of intravascular fluid volume and hypotension.

Through its action on beta-adrenergic receptors, epinephrine causes bronchial smooth muscle relaxation and helps alleviate bronchospasm, wheezing and dyspnea that may occur during anaphylaxis.

Epinephrine also alleviates pruritus, urticaria, and angioedema and may relieve gastrointestinal and genitourinary symptoms associated with anaphylaxis because of its relaxer effects on the smooth muscle of the stomach, intestine, uterus and urinary bladder.

When given subcutaneously or intramuscularly, epinephrine has a rapid onset and short duration of action.

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term studies to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of epinephrine have not been conducted.

Epinephrine and other catecholamines have been shown to have mutagenic potential in vitro. Epinephrine was positive in the Salmonella bacterial reverse mutation assay, positive in the mouse lymphoma assay, and negative in the in vivo micronucleus assay. Epinephrine is an oxidative mutagen based on the E. coli WP2 Mutoxitest bacterial reverse mutation assay. This should not prevent the use of epinephrine under the conditions noted under Indications and Usage (1).

The potential for epinephrine to impair reproductive performance has not been evaluated, but epinephrine has been shown to decrease implantation in female rabbits dosed subcutaneously with 1.2 mg/kg/day (40-fold the highest human intramuscular or subcutaneous daily dose) during gestation days 3 to 9.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

16.1 How Supplied

SYMJEPI (epinephrine injection, USP) 0.3 mg pre-filled syringes are available as a single pack, NDC 38739-200-01 containing a single pre-filled syringe, and as a two-pack, NDC 38739-200-02, a pack that contains 2 pre-filled syringes.

16.2 Storage and Handling

Protect from light. Epinephrine is light sensitive and should be stored in the case provided to protect it from light. Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Do not refrigerate. Before using, check to make sure the solution in the syringe is clear and colorless. Replace the product if the solution is discolored (pinkish or brown color), cloudy, or contains particles. Used SYMJEPI should be given to a healthcare provider or emergency room personnel for proper disposal. Expired or discolored SYMJEPI should be returned to a healthcare provider or pharmacy for proper disposal.

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

[see FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (Patient Information and Instructions for Use)]

A healthcare provider should review the patient instructions and operation of SYMJEPI, in detail, with the patient or caregiver.

Epinephrine is essential for the treatment of anaphylaxis. Patients who are at risk of or have a history of severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) to insect stings or bites, foods, drugs, and other allergens, as well as idiopathic and exercise-induced anaphylaxis, should be carefully instructed about the circumstances under which epinephrine should be used.

Administration and Training

Instruct patients and/or caregivers in the appropriate use of SYMJEPI. SYMJEPI should be injected into the middle of the outer thigh (through clothing, if necessary). Each syringe is for a single-use injection. Advise patients to seek immediate medical care in conjunction with administration of SYMJEPI.

Young children may be uncooperative and kick or move during and injection. Instruct caregivers of young children who are prescribed SYMJEPI to hold the leg firmly in place and limit movement prior to and during an injection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ].

Complete patient information, including dosage, directions for proper administration and precautions can be found inside each SYMJEPI carton. A printed label on the surface of the SYMJEPI case shows instructions for use.

Adverse Reactions

Epinephrine may produce symptoms and signs that include an increase in heart rate, the sensation of a more forceful heartbeat, palpitations, sweating, nausea and vomiting, difficulty breathing, pallor, dizziness, weakness or shakiness, headache, apprehension, nervousness, or anxiety. These signs and symptoms usually subside rapidly, especially with rest, quiet and recumbency. Patients with hypertension or hyperthyroidism may develop more severe or persistent effects, and patients with coronary artery disease could experience angina. Patients with diabetes may develop increased blood glucose levels following epinephrine administration. Patients with Parkinson’s disease may notice a temporary worsening of symptoms. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ].

Accidental Injection

Advise patients to seek immediate medical care in the case of accidental injection. Since epinephrine is a strong vasoconstrictor when injected into the digits, hands, or feet, treatment should be directed at vasodilatation if there is such an accidental injection to these areas [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ].

Serious Infections at the Injection Site

Rare cases of serious skin and soft tissue infections, including necrotizing fasciitis and myonecrosis caused by Clostridia (gas gangrene), have been reported at the injection site following epinephrine injection for anaphylaxis. Advise patients to seek medical care if they develop signs or symptoms of infection, such as persistent redness, warmth, swelling, or tenderness, at the epinephrine injection site [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ].

Storage and Handling

Instruct patients to inspect the epinephrine solution visually periodically. SYMJEPI should be replaced if the epinephrine solution appears discolored (pinkish or brown color), cloudy, or contains particles. Epinephrine is light sensitive and should be stored in the outer case provided to protect it from light. Instruct patients that SYMJEPI must be used or properly disposed once the protective cap covering the needle is removed [see How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16.2) ]. Instruct patients to give a used SYMJEPI syringe to their healthcare provider or emergency room personnel for proper disposal, and to return expired or discolored SYMJEPI to their healthcare provider or pharmacy for proper disposal.

Complete patient information, including dosage, directions for proper administration and precautions can be found inside each SYMJEPI case.

Manufactured for Adamis Pharmaceuticals Corporation. San Diego, CA

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