The use of tadalafil offers no protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Counseling patients about the protective measures necessary to guard against sexually transmitted diseases, including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) should be considered.
Prior to initiating treatment with tadalafil for BPH, consideration should be given to other urological conditions that may cause similar symptoms. In addition, prostate cancer and BPH may coexist.
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
Tadalafil was administered to over 9000 men during clinical trials worldwide. In trials of tadalafil for once daily use, a total of 1434, 905, and 115 were treated for at least 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years, respectively. For tadalafil for use as needed, over 1300 and 1000 subjects were treated for at least 6 months and 1 year, respectively.
Tadalafil for Use as Needed for ED
In eight primary placebo-controlled clinical studies of 12 weeks duration, mean age was 59 years (range 22 to 88) and the discontinuation rate due to adverse events in patients treated with tadalafil 10 or 20 mg was 3.1%, compared to 1.4% in placebo treated patients.
When taken as recommended in the placebo-controlled clinical trials, the following adverse reactions were reported ( see Table 1) for tadalafil for use as needed:
a The term flushing includes: facial flushing and flushing
|Adverse Reaction||Placebo (N=476)||Tadalafil 5 mg (N=151)||Tadalafil 10 mg (N=394)||Tadalafil 20 mg (N=635)|
|Pain in limb||1%||1%||3%||3%|
Tadalafil for Once Daily Use for ED
In three placebo-controlled clinical trials of 12 or 24 weeks duration, mean age was 58 years (range 21 to 82) and the discontinuation rate due to adverse events in patients treated with tadalafil was 4.1%, compared to 2.8% in placebo-treated patients.
The following adverse reactions were reported ( see Table 2) in clinical trials of 12 weeks duration:
|Adverse Reaction||Placebo (N=248)||Tadalafil 2.5 mg (N=196)||Tadalafil 5 mg (N=304)|
|Upper respiratory tract infection||1%||3%||3%|
|Pain in extremity||0%||1%||2%|
|Urinary tract infection||0%||2%||0%|
|Gastroesophageal reflux disease||0%||2%||1%|
The following adverse reactions were reported ( see Table 3) over 24 weeks treatment duration in one placebo-controlled clinical study:
|Adverse Reaction||Placebo (N=94)||Tadalafil 2.5 mg (N=96)||Tadalafil 5 mg (N=97)|
|Upper respiratory tract infection||0%||3%||4%|
|Gastroesophageal reflux disease||0%||3%||2%|
Tadalafil for Once Daily Use for BPH and for ED and BPH
In three placebo-controlled clinical trials of 12 weeks duration, two in patients with BPH and one in patients with ED and BPH, the mean age was 63 years (range 44 to 93) and the discontinuation rate due to adverse events in patients treated with tadalafil was 3.6% compared to 1.6% in placebo-treated patients. Adverse reactions leading to discontinuation reported by at least 2 patients treated with tadalafil included headache, upper abdominal pain, and myalgia. The following adverse reactions were reported ( see Table 4).
|Adverse Reaction||Placebo (N=576)||Tadalafil 5 mg (N=581)|
|Pain in extremity||0.0%||1.4%|
Additional, less frequent adverse reactions (<1%) reported in the controlled clinical trials of tadalafil for BPH or ED and BPH included: gastroesophageal reflux disease, upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, arthralgia, and muscle spasm.
Back pain or myalgia was reported at incidence rates described in Tables 1 through 4. In tadalafil clinical pharmacology trials, back pain or myalgia generally occurred 12 to 24 hours after dosing and typically resolved within 48 hours. The back pain/myalgia associated with tadalafil treatment was characterized by diffuse bilateral lower lumbar, gluteal, thigh, or thoracolumbar muscular discomfort and was exacerbated by recumbency. In general, pain was reported as mild or moderate in severity and resolved without medical treatment, but severe back pain was reported with a low frequency (<5% of all reports). When medical treatment was necessary, acetaminophen or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were generally effective; however, in a small percentage of subjects who required treatment, a mild narcotic (e.g., codeine) was used. Overall, approximately 0.5% of all subjects treated with tadalafil for on demand use discontinued treatment as a consequence of back pain/myalgia. In the 1-year open label extension study, back pain and myalgia were reported in 5.5% and 1.3% of patients, respectively. Diagnostic testing, including measures for inflammation, muscle injury, or renal damage revealed no evidence of medically significant underlying pathology. Incidence rates for tadalafil for once daily use for ED, BPH and BPH/ED are described in Tables 2, 3 and 4. In studies of tadalafil for once daily use, adverse reactions of back pain and myalgia were generally mild or moderate with a discontinuation rate of <1% across all indications.
Across placebo-controlled studies with tadalafil for use as needed for ED, diarrhea was reported more frequently in patients 65 years of age and older who were treated with tadalafil (2.5% of patients) [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.5)] .
Across all studies with any tadalafil dose, reports of changes in color vision were rare (<0.1% of patients).
The following section identifies additional, less frequent events (<2%) reported in controlled clinical trials of tadalafil for once daily use or use as needed. A causal relationship of these events to tadalafil is uncertain. Excluded from this list are those events that were minor, those with no plausible relation to drug use, and reports too imprecise to be meaningful:
Body as a Whole — asthenia, face edema, fatigue, pain, peripheral edema
Cardiovascular — angina pectoris, chest pain, hypotension, myocardial infarction, postural hypotension, palpitations, syncope, tachycardia
Digestive — abnormal liver function tests, dry mouth, dysphagia, esophagitis, gastritis, GGTP increased, loose stools, nausea, upper abdominal pain, vomiting, gastroesophageal reflux disease, hemorrhoidal hemorrhage, rectal hemorrhage
Musculoskeletal — arthralgia, neck pain
Nervous — dizziness, hypesthesia, insomnia, paresthesia, somnolence, vertigo
Renal and Urinary — renal impairment
Respiratory — dyspnea, epistaxis, pharyngitis
Skin and Appendages — pruritus, rash, sweating
Ophthalmologic — blurred vision, changes in color vision, conjunctivitis (including conjunctival hyperemia), eye pain, lacrimation increase, swelling of eyelids
Otologic — sudden decrease or loss of hearing, tinnitus
Urogenital — erection increased, spontaneous penile erection
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