Terazosin (Page 5 of 7)

Hypertension

The prevalence of adverse reactions has been ascertained from clinical trials conducted primarily in the United States. All adverse experiences (events) reported during these trials were recorded as adverse reactions. The prevalence rates presented below are based on combined data from fourteen placebo-controlled trials involving once-a-day administration of terazosin, as monotherapy or in combination with other antihypertensive agents, at doses ranging from 1 to 40 mg. Table 3 summarizes those adverse experiences reported for patients in these trials where the prevalence rate in the terazosin group was at least 5%, where the prevalence rate for the terazosin group was at least 2% and was greater than the prevalence rate for the placebo group, or where the reaction is of particular interest. Asthenia, blurred vision, dizziness, nasal congestion, nausea, peripheral edema, palpitations and somnolence were the only symptoms that were significantly (p < 0.05) more common in patients receiving terazosin than in patients receiving placebo. Similar adverse reaction rates were observed in placebo-controlled monotherapy trials.

TABLE 3. Adverse Reactions During Placebo-Controlled Trials Hypertension
*
Includes weakness, tiredness, lassitude, and fatigue.
Statistically significant at p=0.05 level.
Body System

Terazosin

(N = 859)

Placebo

(N = 506)

BODY AS A WHOLE

*Asthenia

Back Pain

11.3%

2.4%

4.3%

1.2%

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Palpitations

Postural Hypotension

4.3%

1.3%

1.2%

0.4%

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

4.4% 1.4%

METABOLIC AND NUTRITIONAL DISORDERS

Edema

Peripheral Edema

0.9%

5.5%

0.6%

2.4%

MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

3.5% 3.0%

NERVOUS SYSTEM

Depression

Dizziness

Libido Decreased

Nervousness

Paresthesia

0.3%

19.3%

0.6%

2.3%

2.9%

0.2%

7.5%

0.2%

1.8%

1.4%

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Dyspnea

Nasal Congestion

3.1%

5.9%

2.4%

3.4%

SPECIAL SENSES

1.6% 0.0%

UROGENITAL SYSTEM

1.2% 1.4%

Additional adverse reactions have been reported, but these are, in general, not distinguishable from symptoms that might have occurred in the absence of exposure to terazosin. The following additional adverse reactions were reported by at least 1% of 1987 patients who received terazosin in controlled or open, short- or long-term clinical trials or have been reported during marketing experience:

Body as a Whole :

Chest pain, facial edema, fever, abdominal pain, neck pain, shoulder pain.

Cardiovascular System :

Arrhythmia, vasodilation.

Digestive System :

Constipation, diarrhea, dry mouth, dyspepsia, flatulence, vomiting.

Metabolic/Nutritional Disorders

Gout.

Musculoskeletal System :

Arthralgia, arthritis, joint disorder, myalgia.

Nervous System :

Anxiety, insomnia.

Respiratory System :

Bronchitis, cold symptoms, epistaxis, flu symptoms, increased cough, pharyngitis, rhinitis.

Skin and Appendages :

Pruritus, rash, sweating.

Special Senses :

Abnormal vision, conjunctivitis, tinnitus.

Urogenital System :

Urinary frequency, urinary incontinence primarily reported in postmenopausal women, urinary tract infection.

The adverse reactions were usually mild or moderate in intensity but sometimes were serious enough to interrupt treatment. The adverse reactions that were most bothersome, as judged by their being reported as reasons for discontinuation of therapy by at least 0.5% of the terazosin group and being reported more often than in the placebo group, are shown in Table 4.

TABLE 4. Discontinuations During Placebo-Controlled Trials Hypertension
Body System

Terazosin

(N = 859)

Placebo

(N = 506)

BODY AS A WHOLE

Asthenia

1.6%

0.0%

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Palpitations

Postural Hypotension

Syncope

1.4%

0.5%

0.5%

0.2%

0.0%

0.2%

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

0.8% 0.0%

METABOLIC AND NUTRITIONAL DISORDERS

0.6% 0.0%

NERVOUS SYSTEM

Dizziness

Paresthesia

3.1%

0.8%

0.4%

0.2%

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Dyspnea

0.9%

0.6%

SPECIAL SENSES

0.6% 0.0%

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