Administer TIVICAY tablets and TIVICAY PD tablets for oral suspension with or without food.
Administration Instructions for TIVICAY PD
Do not chew, cut, or crush TIVICAY PD [see Instructions for Use]. Instruct patients (or instruct caregivers) to either:
- Swallow the tablets for oral suspension whole (if more than one tablet is required, swallow one tablet at a time to reduce the risk of choking), or
- Fully disperse the tablets for oral suspension in 5 mL of drinking water (if using 1 or 3 tablets for oral suspension) or 10 mL (if using 4, 5, or 6 tablets for oral suspension) in the supplied cup; swirl the suspension so that no lumps remain. After full dispersion, administer the oral suspension within 30 minutes of mixing [see Instructions for Use].
10 mg: Each tablet contains 10 mg of dolutegravir (as dolutegravir sodium). Tablets are white, round, film-coated, biconvex tablets debossed with “SV 572” on one side and “10” on the other side.
25 mg: Each tablet contains 25 mg of dolutegravir (as dolutegravir sodium). Tablets are pale yellow, round, film-coated, biconvex tablets debossed with “SV 572” on one side and “25” on the other side.
50 mg: Each tablet contains 50 mg of dolutegravir (as dolutegravir sodium). Tablets are yellow, round, film-coated, biconvex tablets debossed with “SV 572” on one side and “50” on the other side.
TIVICAY PD Tablets for Oral Suspension:
Each tablet contains 5 mg of dolutegravir (as dolutegravir sodium). Tablets are white, round, strawberry cream flavored, film-coated, biconvex tablets debossed with “SV H7S” on one side and “5” on the other side.
TIVICAY and TIVICAY PD are contraindicated in patients:
- with previous hypersensitivity reaction to dolutegravir [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
- receiving dofetilide due to the potential for increased dofetilide plasma concentrations and the risk for serious and/or life-threatening events [see Drug Interactions (7)].
Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported and were characterized by rash, constitutional findings, and sometimes organ dysfunction, including liver injury. The events were reported in less than 1% of subjects receiving TIVICAY in Phase 3 clinical trials. Discontinue TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD and other suspect agents immediately if signs or symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions develop (including, but not limited to, severe rash or rash accompanied by fever, general malaise, fatigue, muscle or joint aches, blisters or peeling of the skin, oral blisters or lesions, conjunctivitis, facial edema, hepatitis, eosinophilia, angioedema, difficulty breathing). Clinical status, including liver aminotransferases, should be monitored and appropriate therapy initiated. Delay in stopping treatment with TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD or other suspect agents after the onset of hypersensitivity may result in a life-threatening reaction. TIVICAY and TIVICAY PD are contraindicated in patients who have experienced a previous hypersensitivity reaction to dolutegravir.
Hepatic adverse events have been reported in patients receiving a dolutegravir-containing regimen. Patients with underlying hepatitis B or C may be at increased risk for worsening or development of transaminase elevations with use of TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. In some cases, the elevations in transaminases were consistent with immune reconstitution syndrome or hepatitis B reactivation particularly in the setting where anti-hepatitis therapy was withdrawn. Cases of hepatic toxicity, including elevated serum liver biochemistries, hepatitis, and acute liver failure have been reported in patients receiving a dolutegravir-containing regimen without pre-existing hepatic disease or other identifiable risk factors. Drug-induced liver injury leading to liver transplant has been reported with TRIUMEQ (abacavir, dolutegravir, and lamivudine). Monitoring for hepatotoxicity is recommended.
An ongoing observational study showed an association between dolutegravir and an increased risk of neural tube defects when dolutegravir was administered at the time of conception and in early pregnancy. As there is limited understanding of the association of reported types of neural tube defects with dolutegravir use, inform adolescents and adults of childbearing potential, including those actively trying to become pregnant, about the potential increased risk of neural tube defects with TIVICAY and TIVICAY PD. Assess the risks and benefits of TIVICAY and TIVICAY PD and discuss with the patient to determine if an alternative treatment should be considered at the time of conception through the first trimester of pregnancy or if pregnancy is confirmed in the first trimester [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.1 , 8.3 )] .
Pregnancy testing is recommended before initiation of TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD in adolescents and adults of childbearing potential [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.1 )] .
TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD may be considered during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy if the expected benefit justifies the potential risk to the pregnant woman and the fetus.
The concomitant use of TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD and other drugs may result in known or potentially significant drug interactions, some of which may lead to [see Contraindications (4), Drug Interactions (7.3)]:
- Loss of therapeutic effect of TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD and possible development of resistance.
- Possible clinically significant adverse reactions from greater exposures of concomitant drugs.
For concomitant drugs for which the interaction can be mitigated, please see Table 8 for steps to prevent or manage these possible and known significant drug interactions, including dosing recommendations. Consider the potential for drug interactions prior to and during therapy with TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD; review concomitant medications during therapy with TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD; and monitor for the adverse reactions associated with the concomitant drugs.
Immune reconstitution syndrome has been reported in patients treated with combination antiretroviral therapy, including TIVICAY or TIVICAY PD. During the initial phase of combination antiretroviral treatment, patients whose immune systems respond may develop an inflammatory response to indolent or residual opportunistic infections (such as Mycobacterium avium infection, cytomegalovirus, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia [PCP], or tuberculosis), which may necessitate further evaluation and treatment.
Autoimmune disorders (such as Graves’ disease, polymyositis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome) have also been reported to occur in the setting of immune reconstitution; however, the time to onset is more variable and can occur many months after initiation of treatment.
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