TOLSURA- itraconazole capsule, gelatin coated
Mayne Pharma Inc.
- Drug Interactions
- Co-administration of certain drugs that are metabolized by human CYP3A4 enzymes are contraindicated with TOLSURA because plasma concentrations of such drugs are increased, which may also increase or prolong both the pharmacologic effects and/or adverse reactions to these drugs [see Contraindications (4.1) and Drug Interactions (7.1)]
- Co-administration with colchicine, fesoterodine and solifenacin is contraindicated in subjects with varying degrees of renal or hepatic impairment, and
- Co-administration with eliglustat is contraindicated in subjects that are poor or intermediate metabolizers of CYP2D6 and in subjects taking strong or moderate CYP2D6 inhibitors.
- Increased plasma concentrations of some of these drugs caused by co-administration with TOLSURA can lead to QT prolongation and/or ventricular tachyarrhythmias, including occurrences of torsades de pointes , a potentially fatal arrhythmia [see Contraindications (4.1), Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Drug Interactions (7.1)].
TOLSURA is indicated for the treatment of the following fungal infections in immunocompromised and non-immunocompromised adult patients:
- Blastomycosis, pulmonary and extrapulmonary
- Histoplasmosis, including chronic cavitary pulmonary disease and disseminated, non-meningeal histoplasmosis, and
- Aspergillosis, pulmonary and extrapulmonary, in patients who are intolerant of or who are refractory to amphotericin B therapy.
Specimens for fungal cultures and other relevant laboratory studies (wet mount, histopathology, serology) should be obtained before therapy to isolate and identify causative organisms. Therapy may be instituted before the results of the cultures and other laboratory studies are known; however, once these results become available, anti-fungal therapy should be adjusted accordingly
Limitations of Use:
TOLSURA is not indicated for the treatment of onychomycosis.
TOLSURA is NOT interchangeable or substitutable with other itraconazole products due to the differences in the dosing between TOLSURA and other itraconazole products. Therefore, follow the specific dosage recommendations for TOLSURA [see Dosage and Administration (2)].
TOLSURA must be administered with food.
TOLSURA capsules must be swallowed whole. Do not chew, crush or break TOLSURA capsules.
Table 1 below describes the recommended dosage for TOLSURA.
|Treatment of Blastomycosis and Histoplasmosis|
|Recommended dose||130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) once dailyIf no obvious improvement, or there is evidence of progressive fungal disease, the dose should be increased in 65 mg increments to a maximum of 260 mg/day (130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) twice daily). Doses above 130 mg/day should be given in two divided doses.|
|Treatment of Aspergillosis|
|Recommended dose||130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) once daily|
|260 mg/day (130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) twice daily)|
|Treatment in Life-Threatening Situations|
|Although clinical studies did not provide for a loading dose, it is recommended, based on pharmacokinetic data, that a loading dose should be used.||A loading dose of 130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) three times daily (390 mg/day) is recommended to be given for the first 3 days, followed by the appropriate recommended dosing based on indication. Treatment should be continued for a minimum of three months and until clinical parameters and laboratory tests indicate that the active fungal infection has subsided. An inadequate period of treatment may lead to recurrence of active infection.|
TOLSURA (itraconazole capsules) is available in a size 1, hard gelatin capsules with light blue cap and white body, imprinted with “i-65” in black on the cap and containing 65 mg of itraconazole.
- Co-administration of certain drugs that are metabolized by human CYP3A4 substrates are contraindicated with TOLSURA because plasma concentrations of such drugs are increased, which may also increase or prolong both the pharmacologic effects and/or adverse reactions to these drugs [see Warnings and Precaution (5.4) and Drug Interactions (7.1)].
- Co-administration with colchicine, fesoterodine and solifenacin is contraindicated in subjects with varying degrees of renal or hepatic impairment.
- Co-administration with eliglustat is contraindicated in subjects that are poor or intermediate metabolizers of CYP2D6 and in subjects taking strong or moderate CYP2D6 inhibitors [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].
- Increased plasma concentrations of some of these drugs due to co-administration of TOLSURA can lead to QT prolongation and ventricular tachyarrhythmias including occurrences of torsade de pointes , a potentially fatal arrhythmia [ see Drug Interactions (7.1)].
TOLSURA is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to itraconazole. There is limited information regarding cross-hypersensitivity between itraconazole and other azole antifungal agents [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].
TOLSURA can cause or exacerbate congestive heart failure (CHF) [see Boxed Warning and Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. For patients with evidence of ventricular dysfunction such as CHF, history or risk factors for CHF, physicians should carefully review the risks and benefits of TOLSURA therapy. These risk factors include cardiac disease such as ischemic and valvular disease; significant pulmonary disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and renal failure and other edematous disorders. Inform such patients of the signs and symptoms of CHF and monitor carefully for signs and symptoms of CHF during treatment. If signs or symptoms of CHF appear or worsen during administration of TOLSURA, reassess the benefit-risk of continuing treatment.
When itraconazole was administered intravenously to anesthetized dogs, a dose-related negative inotropic effect was demonstrated. In a healthy volunteer study of itraconazole intravenous infusion, transient, asymptomatic decreases in left ventricular ejection fraction were observed using gated SPECT imaging; these resolved before the next infusion, 12 hours later.
Itraconazole has been associated with reports of CHF, peripheral edema, and pulmonary edema. In post-marketing experience, heart failure was more frequently reported in patients receiving higher total daily doses of itraconazole of 400 mg although there were also cases reported among those receiving lower total daily doses [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].
Calcium channel blockers can have negative inotropic effects which may be additive to those of itraconazole. In addition, itraconazole can inhibit the metabolism of calcium channel blockers. Therefore, when co-administering itraconazole and calcium channel blockers, monitor carefully for signs and symptoms of CHF during treatment due to an increased risk of CHF. Concomitant administration of TOLSURA and felodipine or nisoldipine is contraindicated [see Contraindications (4.1), Drug Interactions (7.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.2)]
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