TRIMETHOBENZAMIDE HYDROCHLORIDE- trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsule
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries, Inc.
Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules are indicated in adults for the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting and for nausea associated with gastroenteritis.
Limitation of Use:
Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules are not recommended for use in pediatric patients due to the risk of extrapyramidal signs and symptoms and other serious central nervous system (CNS) effects, and the risk of exacerbation of the underlying disease in pediatric patients with Reye’s syndrome or other hepatic impairment.
The recommended adult dosage is 300 mg orally three or four times daily. Select the lowest effective daily dosage and adjust as needed based upon therapeutic response and tolerability.
In geriatric patients and/or in patients with renal impairment (creatinine clearance 70 mL/min/1.73m2 or less), reduce the daily dosage of trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules by increasing the dosing interval and adjust as needed based upon therapeutic response and tolerability. Monitor renal function [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5, 8.6)].
Capsules: 300 mg trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules, USP; the capsule has a swedish orange opaque color, imprinted MUTUAL over 401 on both the body and cap.
Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules are contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to trimethobenzamide [see Adverse Reactions (6) ].
Extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), manifested primarily as acute dystonic reactions, may occur with trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules. Dystonic reactions may include sudden onset of muscular spasms, especially in the head and neck or opisthotonos. Other EPS include laryngospasm, dysphagia, and oculogyric crisis. Involuntary spasms of the tongue and mouth may lead to difficulty in speaking and swallowing. Anticholinergic drugs can be used to treat acute dystonic reactions.
EPS may also include akathisia, restlessness, akinesia, and other parkinsonian-like symptoms (e.g., tremor). Depending on the severity of symptoms, reduce the daily dosage of trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules by increasing the dosing interval or discontinue trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].
EPS and other CNS symptoms which can occur in patients treated with trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules may be confused with CNS signs of undiagnosed primary disease (e.g., encephalopathy, metabolic imbalance, Reye’s syndrome)) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3)]. If CNS symptoms occur, evaluate the risks and benefits of continuing trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules for each patient.
Other serious CNS adverse reactions such as coma, depression of mood, disorientation, and seizures have been reported with trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules administration. The recent use of other drugs that cause CNS depression or EPS symptoms (e.g., alcohol, sedatives, hypnotics, opiates, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and anticholinergics) may also increase the risk for these serious CNS reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.5)]. Consider reducing the daily dosage of trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules by increasing the dosing interval or discontinuing the drug [see Dosage and Administration (2.1), Drug Interactions (7.1, 7.2)].
Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules are potentially hepatotoxic [see Adverse Reactions (6)]. Avoid use of trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules in patients whose signs and symptoms suggest the presence of hepatic impairment. Discontinue trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules in patients who develop impaired liver function while taking trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules.
Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules can cause drowsiness and may impair the mental and/or physical abilities required for the performance of hazardous tasks such as driving a motor vehicle or operating machinery [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3)]. Concomitant use of other drugs that cause CNS depression or EPS symptoms (e.g., alcohol, sedatives, hypnotics, opiates, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and anticholinergics) may increase this effect. Either trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules or the other interacting drug should be chosen, depending on the importance of the drug to the patient [Drug Interactions (7.1, 7.2)]. Inform patients not to operate motor vehicles or other dangerous machinery until they are reasonably certain that trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules do not affect them adversely.
The following adverse reactions from voluntary reports or clinical studies have been reported with trimethobenzamide. Because many of these reactions were reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
• Psychiatric disorders: disorientation, depression of mood
• Eye disorders: blurred vision
• Hematologic disorders: blood dyscrasias
• Hepatobiliary disorders: jaundice [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
• Immune system disorders: hypersensitivity, including angioedema and allergic-type skin reactions
• Gastrointestinal disorders: diarrhea
• Musculoskeletal disorders: muscle cramps
Alcohol may increase the CNS depressant effects of trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules and may cause drowsiness [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3, 5.5)]. Avoid concomitant use of trimethobenzamide hydrochloride capsules with alcohol.
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