Adverse events with incidence rates of 1.0% to <5.0%
Eye disorders: vision blurred
Gastrointestinal disorders: abdominal pain upper, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, sore throat
General disorders: weakness, pain, feeling hot, influenza like illness, fall, rigors, lethargy, pyrexia, chest pain
Infections and infestations: nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, influenza, gastroenteritis viral, urinary tract infection, bronchitis
Investigations: blood creatine phosphokinase increased, weight decreased
Metabolism and nutrition disorders: appetite decreased
Musculoskeletal, connective tissue and bone disorders: arthralgia, back pain, pain in limb, neck pain
Nervous system disorders: tremor, paresthesia, hypoesthesia
Psychiatric disorders: nervousness, anxiety, depression, restlessness
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: sneezing, cough, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, dyspnea, sinus congestion
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: sweating increased, dermatitis
Vascular disorders: hot flushes, vasodilatation
Adverse events with incidence rates of 0.5% to <1.0% and serious adverse events reported in at least 2 patients.
Cardiac disorders: palpitations, myocardial infarction
Ear and labyrinth disorders: tinnitus, vertigo
Gastrointestinal disorders: flatulence, toothache, constipation aggravated, appendicitis, pancreatitis
General disorders: feeling jittery, edema lower limb, shivering, joint swelling, malaise, drug withdrawal syndrome, peripheral swelling
Hepato-biliary disorders: cholelithiasis, cholecystitis
Infections and infestations: cellulitis, ear infection, gastroenteritis, pneumonia, viral infection
Injury and poisoning: joint sprain, muscle injury
Investigations: alanine aminotransferase increased, blood pressure increased, aspartate aminotransferase increased, heart rate increased, blood glucose increased, liver function tests abnormal ,
Musculoskeletal, connective tissue and bone disorders: muscle cramps, muscle spasms, joint stiffness, muscle twitching, myalgia, osteoarthritis aggravated
Nervous system disorders: migraine, sedation, syncope, disturbance in attention, dizziness aggravated
Psychiatric disorders: euphoric mood, irritability, libido decreased, sleep disorder, agitation, disorientation, abnormal dreams
Renal and urinary disorders: difficulty in micturition, urinary frequency, hematuria, dysuria, urinary retention
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: yawning
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: contusion, piloerection, clamminess, night sweats, urticaria
Vascular disorders: hypertension aggravated, hypertension, peripheral ischemia
Acute overdosage with tramadol can be manifested by respiratory depression, somnolence progressing to stupor or coma, skeletal muscle flaccidity, cold and clammy skin, constricted pupils, bradycardia, hypotension, and death.
Deaths due to overdose have been reported with abuse and misuse of tramadol by ingesting, inhaling, or injecting the crushed tablets. Review of case reports has indicated that the risk of fatal overdose is further increased when tramadol is abused concurrently with alcohol or other CNS depressants, including other opioids.
In the treatment of tramadol overdosage, primary attention should be given to the re-establishment of a patent airway and institution of assisted or controlled ventilation. Supportive measures (including oxygen and vasopressors) should be employed in the management of circulatory shock and pulmonary edema accompanying overdose as indicated. Cardiac arrest or arrhythmias may require cardiac massage or defibrillation.
While naloxone will reverse some, but not all, symptoms caused by overdosage with tramadol, the risk of seizures is also increased with naloxone administration. In animals convulsions following the administration of toxic doses of ULTRAM ER could be suppressed with barbiturates or benzodiazepines but were increased with naloxone. Naloxone administration did not change the lethality of an overdose in mice. Hemodialysis is not expected to be helpful in an overdose because it removes less than 7% of the administered dose in a 4-hour dialysis period.
ULTRAM ER should not be used in patients with:
- creatinine clearance less than 30 mL/min,
- severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C)
Adults (18 years of age and over)
Patients Not Currently on Tramadol Immediate-Release Products
For patients not currently treated with tramadol immediate-release (IR) products, ULTRAM ER should be initiated at a dose of 100 mg once daily and titrated up as necessary by 100-mg increments every five days to relief of pain and depending upon tolerability. ULTRAM ER should not be administered at a dose exceeding 300 mg per day.
Patients Currently on Tramadol Immediate-Release Products
For patients maintained on tramadol IR products, calculate the 24-hour tramadol IR dose and initiate a total daily dose of ULTRAM ER rounded down to the next lowest 100 mg increment. The dose may subsequently be individualized according to patient need. Due to limitations in flexibility of dose selection with ULTRAM ER, some patients maintained on tramadol IR products may not be able to convert to ULTRAM ER. ULTRAM ER should not be administered at a dose exceeding 300 mg per day. The concomitant use of ULTRAM ER with other tramadol products is not recommended (see WARNINGS).
Individualization of Dose
Good pain management practice dictates that the dose be individualized according to patient need using the lowest beneficial dose. Start at the lowest possible dose and titrate upward as tolerated to achieve an adequate effect. Clinical studies of ULTRAM ER have not demonstrated a clinical benefit at a total daily dose exceeding 300 mg.
In general, dosing of an elderly patient (over 65 years of age) should be initiated cautiously, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal or cardiac function and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy. ULTRAM ER should be administered with even greater caution in patients over 75 years, due to the greater frequency of adverse events seen in this population.
ULTRAM ER (tramadol hydrochloride) Extended-release tablets are supplied in the following package and dose strength forms:
100 mg: Round, convex, white to off-white tablets imprinted with “100″ over “ER” on one side in black ink
Bottle of 30 tablets – NDC 50458-653-30
200 mg: Round, convex, white to off-white tablets imprinted with “200″ over “ER” on one side in black ink
Bottle of 30 tablets – NDC 50458-655-30
300 mg: Round, convex, white to off-white tablets imprinted with “300″ over “ER” on one side in black ink
Bottle of 30 tablets – NDC 50458-657-30
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59 — 86°F).
Biovail Corporation, Mississauga, ON L5N 8M5, Canada
Made in Canada
PriCara® , Division of Ortho-McNeil-Janssen
Raritan, NJ 08869
Revised June 2009
(tramadol HCl) Extended-Release Tablets
Division of Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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