Two randomized, double-blind clinical trials in immunocompetent adults with localized herpes zoster were conducted. Valacyclovir hydrochloride was compared with placebo in subjects aged less than 50 years and with oral acyclovir in subjects aged greater than 50 years. All subjects were treated within 72 hours of appearance of zoster rash. In subjects aged less than 50 years, the median time to cessation of new lesion formation was 2 days for those treated with valacyclovir hydrochloride compared with 3 days for those treated with placebo. In subjects aged greater than 50 years, the median time to cessation of new lesions was 3 days in subjects treated with either valacyclovir hydrochloride or oral acyclovir. In subjects aged less than 50 years, no difference was found with respect to the duration of pain after healing (post-herpetic neuralgia) between the recipients of valacyclovir hydrochloride and placebo. In subjects aged greater than 50 years, among the 83% who reported pain after healing (post-herpetic neuralgia), the median duration of pain after healing (95% CI) in days was: 40 (31, 51), 43 (36, 55), and 59 (41, 77) for 7-day valacyclovir hydrochloride, 14-day valacyclovir hydrochloride, and 7-day oral acyclovir, respectively.
The use of valacyclovir hydrochloride for treatment of chickenpox in pediatric subjects aged 2 to less than 18 years is based on single-dose pharmacokinetic and multiple-dose safety data from an open-label trial with valacyclovir and supported by safety and extrapolated efficacy data from 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials evaluating oral acyclovir in pediatric subjects.
The single-dose pharmacokinetic and multiple-dose safety trial enrolled 27 pediatric subjects aged 1 to less than 12 years with clinically suspected VZV infection. Each subject was dosed with valacyclovir oral suspension, 20 mg/kg 3 times daily for 5 days. Acyclovir systemic exposures in pediatric subjects following valacyclovir oral suspension were compared with historical acyclovir systemic exposures in immunocompetent adults receiving the solid oral dosage form of valacyclovir or acyclovir for the treatment of herpes zoster. The mean projected daily acyclovir exposures in pediatric subjects across all age-groups (1 to less than 12 years) were lower (Cmax : ↓13%, AUC: ↓30%) than the mean daily historical exposures in adults receiving valacyclovir 1 gram 3 times daily but were higher (daily AUC: ↑50%) than the mean daily historical exposures in adults receiving acyclovir 800 mg 5 times daily. The projected daily exposures in pediatric subjects were greater (daily AUC approximately 100% greater) than the exposures seen in immunocompetent pediatric subjects receiving acyclovir 20 mg/kg 4 times daily for the treatment of chickenpox. Based on the pharmacokinetic and safety data from this trial and the safety and extrapolated efficacy data from the acyclovir trials, oral valacyclovir 20 mg/kg 3 times a day for 5 days (not to exceed 1 gram 3 times daily) is recommended for the treatment of chickenpox in pediatric patients aged 2 to less than 18 years. Because the efficacy and safety of acyclovir for the treatment of chickenpox in children aged less than 2 years have not been established, efficacy data cannot be extrapolated to support valacyclovir treatment in children aged less than 2 years with chickenpox. Valacyclovir is also not recommended for the treatment of herpes zoster in children because safety data up to 7 days’ duration are not available [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].
NDC: 50090-3880-0 15 TABLET, FILM COATED in a BOTTLE
NDC: 50090-3880-1 21 TABLET, FILM COATED in a BOTTLE, PLASTIC
NDC: 50090-3880-2 30 TABLET, FILM COATED in a BOTTLE, PLASTIC
NDC: 50090-3880-3 90 TABLET, FILM COATED in a BOTTLE, PLASTIC
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).
Patients should be advised to maintain adequate hydration.
Instruct patients that if they miss a dose of valacyclovir hydrochloride, to take it as soon as they remember. Advise patients not to double their next dose or take more than the prescribed dose.
Cold Sores (Herpes Labialis)
Patients should be advised to initiate treatment at the earliest symptom of a cold sore (e.g., tingling, itching, or burning). There are no data on the effectiveness of treatment initiated after the development of clinical signs of a cold sore (e.g., papule, vesicle, or ulcer). Patients should be instructed that treatment for cold sores should not exceed 1 day (2 doses) and that their doses should be taken about 12 hours apart. Patients should be informed that valacyclovir hydrochloride is not a cure for cold sores.
Patients should be informed that valacyclovir hydrochloride is not a cure for genital herpes. Because genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease, patients should avoid contact with lesions or intercourse when lesions and/or symptoms are present to avoid infecting partners. Genital herpes is frequently transmitted in the absence of symptoms through asymptomatic viral shedding. Therefore, patients should be counseled to use safer sex practices in combination with suppressive therapy with valacyclovir hydrochloride. Sex partners of infected persons should be advised that they might be infected even if they have no symptoms. Type-specific serologic testing of asymptomatic partners of persons with genital herpes can determine whether risk for HSV-2 acquisition exists.
Valacyclovir hydrochloride has not been shown to reduce transmission of sexually transmitted infections other than HSV-2.
If medical management of a genital herpes recurrence is indicated, patients should be advised to initiate therapy at the first sign or symptom of an episode.
There are no data on the effectiveness of treatment initiated more than 72 hours after the onset of signs and symptoms of a first episode of genital herpes or more than 24 hours after the onset of signs and symptoms of a recurrent episode.
There are no data on the safety or effectiveness of chronic suppressive therapy of more than 1 year’s duration in otherwise healthy patients. There are no data on the safety or effectiveness of chronic suppressive therapy of more than 6 months’ duration in HIV-1-infected patients.
There are no data on treatment initiated more than 72 hours after onset of the zoster rash. Patients should be advised to initiate treatment as soon as possible after a diagnosis of herpes zoster.
Patients should be advised to initiate treatment at the earliest sign or symptom of chickenpox.
Valacyclovir Tablets, USP
(val’’ ay sye’ kloe vir)
What are valacyclovir tablets?
Valacyclovir tablets are a prescription medicine used in adults:
- to treat cold sores (herpes labialis).
- to treat or control genital herpes outbreaks in adults with normal immune systems.
- to control genital herpes outbreaks in adults with human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1).
- with safer sex practices to lower the chance of spreading genital herpes to others, in adults with normal immune systems. Even with safer sex practices, it is still possible to spread genital herpes.
- Do not have sexual contact with your partner when you have any symptom or outbreak of genital herpes.
- Use a condom made of latex or polyurethane whenever you have sexual contact.
- Ask your healthcare provider for more information about safer sex practices.
- to treat shingles (herpes zoster) in adults with normal immune systems.
Valacyclovir tablets are used in children to treat:
- cold sores in children 12 years of age and older.
- chickenpox in children with normal immune systems 2 years of age to less than 18 years of age.
Valacyclovir tablets do not cure cold sores, chickenpox, shingles, or genital herpes.
- It is not known if valacyclovir tablets are safe and effective in people with weakened immune systems, other than for control of outbreaks of genital herpes in people with
- It is not known if valacyclovir tablets are safe and effective in people 18 years of age and older with chickenpox.
- It is not known if valacyclovir tablets are safe and effective in children:
- less than 12 years of age with cold sores
- less than 2 years of age with chickenpox
- less than 18 years of age with genital herpes or shingles
Do not take valacyclovir tablets if you are allergic to valacyclovir, acyclovir, or any of the ingredients in valacyclovir tablets. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in valacyclovir tablets.
Before you take valacyclovir tablets, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
- have had a bone marrow transplant or kidney transplant, or if you have advanced HIV-1 infection or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
- have kidney problems, including if you receive dialysis.
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if valacyclovir tablets will harm your unborn baby. You and your healthcare provider will decide if you will take valacyclovir tablets if you are pregnant.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Valacyclovir tablets may pass into your breastmilk. Talk with your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your child if you take valacyclovir tablets.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
How should I take valacyclovir tablets?
- Take valacyclovir tablets exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
- Your dose of valacyclovir tablets and length of treatment will depend on the type of infection that you have and any other medical problems that you have.
- Do not stop valacyclovir tablets or change your treatment without talking to your healthcare provider.
- Take valacyclovir tablets with or without food.
- Tell your healthcare provider if your child cannot swallow valacyclovir tablets. Your healthcare provider can prescribe valacyclovir tablets as an oral suspension for your child.
- If you are taking valacyclovir tablets to treat outbreaks of cold sores, chickenpox, shingles, or genital herpes, take valacyclovir tablets as soon as you have the first symptoms of infection such as tingling, itching, or burning, or when the sore appears.
- It is important for you to stay well hydrated during treatment with valacyclovir tablets. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids during this time.
- If you miss a dose of valacyclovir tablets, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, do not take the missed dose. Take the next dose at your regular time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time or take more valacyclovir tablets than prescribed.
- If you take too much valacyclovir tablets, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
What are the possible side effects of valacyclovir tablets?
Valacyclovir tablets can cause serious side effects including:
- Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) and Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS). TTP and HUS have happened in people with weakened immune systems taking valacyclovir tablets and have led to death. TTP and HUS are disorders that can cause small blood clots to form throughout the body and decrease blood flow to body organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys. Your healthcare provider will stop treatment with valacyclovir tablets if you have signs or symptoms of TTP and HUS.
- kidney failure.
- nervous system problems. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you get any of these signs or symptoms of nervous system problems during treatment with valacyclovir tablets:
- aggressive behavior
- speech problems
- unsteady movement
- hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are really not there)
- shaky movements
Elderly people are more likely to get certain side effects. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you.
The most common side effects of valacyclovir tablets in adults include:
- stomach (abdominal) pain
The most common side effect of valacyclovir tablets in children less than 18 years of age is headache.
These are not all the possible side effects of valacyclovir tablets.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store valacyclovir tablets?
- Store valacyclovir tablets at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF).
- Store valacyclovir suspension between 2º to 8ºC (36º to 46ºF) in a refrigerator. Throw away (discard) any remaining valacyclovir suspension after 28 days.
- Shake valacyclovir suspension bottle well before using.
- Keep valacyclovir tablets in a tightly closed container.
Keep valacyclovir tablets and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of valacyclovir tablets.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use valacyclovir tablets for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give valacyclovir tablets to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about valacyclovir tablets that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in valacyclovir tablets?
Active ingredient: valacyclovir hydrochloride
Inactive ingredients: crospovidone, FD&C blue #2/indigo carmine aluminum lake, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, povidone, and titanium dioxide.
This Patent Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Aurobindo Pharma USA, Inc.
279 Princeton-Hightstown Road
East Windsor, NJ 08520
Aurobindo Pharma Limited
Hyderabad-500 038, India Revised: 02/2020
All MedLibrary.org resources are included in as near-original form as possible, meaning that the information from the original provider has been rendered here with only typographical or stylistic modifications and not with any substantive alterations of content, meaning or intent.