VENTOLIN HFA (Page 4 of 5)

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Bronchospasm Associated with Asthma

Adult and Adolescent Subjects Aged 12 Years and Older: The efficacy of VENTOLIN HFA was evaluated in two 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trials in subjects aged 12 years and older with mild to moderate asthma. These trials included a total of 610 subjects (323 males, 287 females). In each trial, subjects received 2 inhalations of VENTOLIN HFA, CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol, or HFA-134a placebo 4 times daily for 12 weeks’ duration. Subjects taking the HFA-134a placebo inhaler also took VENTOLIN HFA for asthma symptom relief on an as-needed basis. Some subjects who participated in these clinical trials were using concomitant inhaled steroid therapy. Efficacy was assessed by serial forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ). In each of these trials, 2 inhalations of VENTOLIN HFA produced significantly greater improvement in FEV1 over the pretreatment value than placebo. Results from the 2 clinical trials are described below.

In a 12-week, randomized, double-blind trial, VENTOLIN HFA (101 subjects) was compared with CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol (99 subjects) and an HFA-134a placebo inhaler (97 subjects) in adolescent and adult subjects aged 12 to 76 years with mild to moderate asthma. Serial FEV1 measurements [shown below as percent change from test-day baseline at Day 1 (n = 297) and at Week 12 (n = 249)] demonstrated that 2 inhalations of VENTOLIN HFA produced significantly greater improvement in FEV1 over the pretreatment value than placebo.

FEV1 as Percent Change from Predose in a Large, 12-Week Clinical Trial

Day 1

FEV1 as Percent Change From Predose in a Large, 12-Week Clinical Trial -- Day 1

Week 12

FEV1 as Percent Change From Predose in a Large, 12-Week Clinical Trial -- Week 12

In the responder population (greater than or equal to 15% increase in FEV1 within 30 minutes postdose) treated with VENTOLIN HFA, the mean time to onset of a 15% increase in FEV1 over the pretreatment value was 5.4 minutes, and the mean time to peak effect was 56 minutes. The mean duration of effect as measured by a 15% increase in FEV1 over the pretreatment value was approximately 4 hours. In some subjects, duration of effect was as long as 6 hours.

The second 12-week randomized, double-blind trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of switching subjects from CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol to VENTOLIN HFA. During the 3-week run-in phase of the trial, all subjects received CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol. During the double-blind treatment phase, VENTOLIN HFA (91 subjects) was compared to CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol (100 subjects) and an HFA-134a placebo inhaler (95 subjects) in adult and adolescent subjects with mild to moderate asthma. Serial FEV1 measurements demonstrated that 2 inhalations of VENTOLIN HFA produced significantly greater improvement in pulmonary function than placebo. The switching from CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol inhaler to VENTOLIN HFA did not reveal any clinically significant changes in the efficacy profile.

In the 2 adult trials, the efficacy results from VENTOLIN HFA were significantly greater than placebo and were clinically comparable to those achieved with CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol, although small numerical differences in mean FEV1 response and other measures were observed. Physicians should recognize that individual responses to beta-adrenergic agonists administered via different propellants may vary and that equivalent responses in individual patients should not be assumed.

Pediatric Subjects Aged 4 to 11 Years: The efficacy of VENTOLIN HFA was evaluated in one 2-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 135 pediatric subjects aged 4 to 11 years with mild to moderate asthma. In this trial, subjects received VENTOLIN HFA, CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol, or HFA-134a placebo. Serial pulmonary function measurements demonstrated that 2 inhalations of VENTOLIN HFA produced significantly greater improvement in pulmonary function than placebo and that there were no significant differences between the groups treated with VENTOLIN HFA and CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol. In the responder population treated with VENTOLIN HFA, the mean time to onset of a 15% increase in peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) over the pretreatment value was 7.8 minutes, and the mean time to peak effect was approximately 90 minutes. The mean duration of effect as measured by a 15% increase in PEFR over the pretreatment value was greater than 3 hours. In some subjects, duration of effect was as long as 6 hours.

14.2 Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm

One controlled clinical trial in adult subjects with asthma (N = 24) demonstrated that 2 inhalations of VENTOLIN HFA taken approximately 30 minutes prior to exercise significantly prevented exercise-induced bronchospasm (as measured by maximum percentage fall in FEV1 following exercise) compared with an HFA-134a placebo inhaler. In addition, VENTOLIN HFA was shown to be clinically comparable to a CFC 11/12-propelled albuterol inhaler for this indication.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

Product: 53002-1584

NDC: 53002-1584-1 60 AEROSOL, METERED in a INHALER / 1 in a CARTON

NDC: 53002-1584-2 200 AEROSOL, METERED in a INHALER / 1 in a CARTON

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information and Instructions for Use).

Frequency of Use: Inform patients that the action of VENTOLIN HFA should last up to 4 to 6 hours. Do not use VENTOLIN HFA more frequently than recommended. Instruct patients not to increase the dose or frequency of doses of VENTOLIN HFA without consulting the physician. Instruct patients to seek medical attention immediately if treatment with VENTOLIN HFA becomes less effective for symptomatic relief, symptoms become worse, and/or they need to use the product more frequently than usual.

Priming: Instruct patients to prime VENTOLIN HFA before using for the first time, when the inhaler has not been used for more than 2 weeks, or when the inhaler has been dropped. To prime VENTOLIN HFA, release 4 sprays into the air away from the face, shaking well before each spray.

Cleaning: To ensure proper dosing and to prevent actuator orifice blockage, instruct patients to wash the actuator with warm water and let it air-dry completely at least once a week. Inform patients that detailed cleaning instructions are included in the Patient Information leaflet.

Paradoxical Bronchospasm: Inform patients that VENTOLIN HFA can produce paradoxical bronchospasm. Instruct them to discontinue VENTOLIN HFA if paradoxical bronchospasm occurs.

Concomitant Drug Use: Advise patients that while they are using VENTOLIN HFA, other inhaled drugs and asthma medications should be taken only as directed by the physician.

Common Adverse Effects: Common adverse effects of treatment with inhaled albuterol include palpitations, chest pain, rapid heart rate, tremor, and nervousness.

Pregnancy: Advise patients who are pregnant or nursing to contact their physicians about the use of VENTOLIN HFA.

VENTOLIN is a registered trademark of the GSK group of companies. The other brands listed are trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of the GSK group of companies. The makers of these brands are not affiliated with and do not endorse the GSK group of companies or its products.

GlaxoSmithKline

Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

©2014, the GSK group of companies. All rights reserved.

VNT:9PI

Patient Information

VENTOLIN® [vent′ o-lin] HFA

(albuterol sulfate)

Inhalation Aerosol

Read the Patient Information that comes with VENTOLIN HFA Inhalation Aerosol before you start using it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This Patient Information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

What is VENTOLIN HFA?

VENTOLIN HFA is a prescription inhaled medicine used in people aged 4 years and older to:

treat or prevent bronchospasm in people who have reversible obstructive airway disease
prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm

It is not known if VENTOLIN HFA is safe and effective in children younger than 4 years of age.

Who should not use VENTOLIN HFA?

Do not use VENTOLIN HFA if you are allergic to albuterol sulfate or any of the ingredients in VENTOLIN HFA. See “What are the ingredients in VENTOLIN HFA?” below for a complete list of ingredients.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before using VENTOLIN HFA?

Tell your healthcare provider about all of your health conditions, including if you:

have heart problems.
have high blood pressure.
have seizures.
have thyroid problems.
have diabetes.
have low potassium levels in your blood.
are allergic to any of the ingredients in VENTOLIN HFA or any other medicines. See “What are the ingredients in VENTOLIN HFA?” below for a complete list of ingredients.
have any other medical conditions.
are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is not known if VENTOLIN HFA may harm your unborn baby.
are breastfeeding. It is not known if the medicine in VENTOLIN HFA passes into your milk and if it can harm your baby.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. VENTOLIN HFA and certain other medicines may interact with each other. This may cause serious side effects.

Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:

other inhaled medicines or asthma medicines
beta-blocker medicines
diuretics
digoxin
monoamine oxidase inhibitors
tricyclic antidepressants

Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for a list of these medicines if you are not sure.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I use VENTOLIN HFA?

Read the step-by-step instructions for using VENTOLIN HFA at the end of this Patient Information.

Do not use VENTOLIN HFA unless your healthcare provider has taught you how to use the inhaler and you understand how to use it correctly.
Children should use VENTOLIN HFA with an adult’s help, as instructed by the child’s healthcare provider.
Use VENTOLIN HFA exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to use it. Do not use VENTOLIN HFA more often than prescribed.
Do not increase your dose or take extra doses of VENTOLIN HFA without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Each dose of VENTOLIN HFA should last up to 4 hours to 6 hours.
Get medical help right away if VENTOLIN HFA no longer helps your symptoms.
Get medical help right away if your symptoms get worse or if you need to use your inhaler more often.
While you are using VENTOLIN HFA, use other inhaled medicines and asthma medicines only as directed by your healthcare provider.
Call your healthcare provider if your asthma symptoms like wheezing and trouble breathing become worse over a few hours or days. Your healthcare provider may need to give you another medicine to treat your symptoms.

What are the possible side effects with VENTOLIN HFA?

VENTOLIN HFA can cause serious side effects, including:

worsening trouble breathing, coughing, and wheezing (paradoxical bronchospasm). If this happens, stop using VENTOLIN HFA and call your healthcare provider or get emergency help right away. Paradoxical bronchospasm is more likely to happen with your first use of a new canister of medicine.
heart problems, including faster heart rate and higher blood pressure
possible death in people with asthma who use too much VENTOLIN HFA
serious allergic reactions. Call your healthcare provider or get emergency medical care if you get any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction:
rash
hives
swelling of your face, mouth, and tongue
breathing problems
changes in laboratory blood levels (sugar, potassium)

Common side effects of VENTOLIN HFA include:

sore throat
upper respiratory tract infection, including viral infection
cough
muscle pain
your heart feels like it is pounding or racing (palpitations)
chest pain
fast heart rate
shakiness
nervousness
dizziness

Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the side effects with VENTOLIN HFA. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store VENTOLIN HFA?

Store VENTOLIN HFA at room temperature between 68°F and 77°F (20°C and 25°C) with the mouthpiece down.
The contents of your VENTOLIN HFA are under pressure: Do not puncture. Do not use or store near heat or open flame. Temperatures above 120°F may cause the canister to burst.
Do not throw into fire or an incinerator.
Store VENTOLIN HFA in the unopened foil pouch and only open when ready for use.
Keep VENTOLIN HFA and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of VENTOLIN HFA

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes not mentioned in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use VENTOLIN HFA for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give your VENTOLIN HFA to other people, even if they have the same condition that you have. It may harm them.

This Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about VENTOLIN HFA. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about VENTOLIN HFA that was written for healthcare professionals.

For more information about VENTOLIN HFA, call 1-888-825-5249 or visit our website at www.ventolin.com.

What are the ingredients in VENTOLIN HFA?

Active ingredient: albuterol sulfate

Inactive ingredient: propellant HFA-134a

Instructions for Use

For Oral Inhalation Only

Your VENTOLIN HFA inhaler

The metal canister holds the medicine. See Figure A.
Figure A
(click image for full-size original)

Figure A

The canister has a counter to show how many sprays of medicine you have left. The number shows through a window in the back of the actuator. See Figure B.
Figure B
(click image for full-size original)

Figure B

The counter starts at either 204 or 064, depending on which size inhaler you have. The number will count down by 1 each time you spray the inhaler. The counter will stop counting at 000.
Do not try to change the numbers or take the counter off the metal canister. The counter cannot be reset, and it is permanently attached to the canister.
The blue plastic actuator sprays the medicine from the canister. The actuator has a protective cap that covers the mouthpiece. See Figure A. Keep the protective cap on the mouthpiece when the canister is not in use. The strap keeps the cap attached to the actuator.
Do not use the actuator with a canister of medicine from any other inhaler.
Do not use a VENTOLIN HFA canister with an actuator from any other inhaler.

Before using your VENTOLIN HFA inhaler

Take VENTOLIN HFA out of the foil pouch just before you use it for the first time. Safely throw away the pouch and the drying packet that comes inside the pouch.
The inhaler should be at room temperature before you use it.
If your child needs to use VENTOLIN HFA, watch your child closely to make sure your child uses the inhaler correctly. Your healthcare provider will show you how your child should use VENTOLIN HFA.

Priming your VENTOLIN HFA inhaler

Before you use VENTOLIN HFA for the first time, you must prime the inhaler so that you will get the right amount of medicine when you use it.
To prime the inhaler, take the cap off the mouthpiece and shake the inhaler well. Then spray the inhaler 1 time into the air away from your face. See Figure C. Avoid spraying in eyes.
Figure C
(click image for full-size original)

Figure C

Shake and spray the inhaler like this 3 more times to finish priming it. The counter should now read 200 or 060 , depending on which size inhaler you have. See Figure D.
Figure D
(click image for full-size original)

Figure D

You must prime your inhaler again if you have not used it in more than 14 days or if you drop it. Take the cap off the mouthpiece and shake and spray the inhaler 4 times into the air away from your face.

How to use your VENTOLIN HFA inhaler

Follow these steps every time you use VENTOLIN HFA.

Step 1. Make sure the canister fits firmly in the actuator. The counter should show through the window in the actuator.

Shake the inhaler well before each spray.

Take the cap off the mouthpiece of the actuator. Look inside the mouthpiece for foreign objects, and take out any you see.

Step 2. Hold the inhaler with the mouthpiece down. See Figure E.

Figure E
(click image for full-size original)

Figure E

Step 3. Breathe out through your mouth and push as much air from your lungs as you can. Put the mouthpiece in your mouth and close your lips around it. See Figure F.

Figure F
(click image for full-size original)

Figure F

Step 4. Push the top of the canister all the way down while you breathe in deeply and slowly through your mouth. See Figure F.

Step 5. After the spray comes out, take your finger off the canister. After you have breathed in all the way, take the inhaler out of your mouth and close your mouth.

Step 6.Hold your breath for about 10 seconds, or for as long as is comfortable. Breathe out slowly as long as you can.

If your healthcare provider has told you to use more sprays , wait 1 minute and shake the inhaler again. Repeat Steps 2 through Step 6.

Step 7. Put the cap back on the mouthpiece after every time you use the inhaler. Make sure it snaps firmly into place.

Cleaning your VENTOLIN HFA inhaler

Clean your inhaler at least 1 time each week. You may not see any medicine build-up on the inhaler, but it is important to keep it clean so medicine build-up will not block the spray. See Figure G.

Figure G
(click image for full-size original)

Figure G

Step 8. Take the canister out of the actuator, and take the cap off the mouthpiece. The strap on the cap will stay attached to the actuator.

Step 9. Hold the actuator under the faucet and run warm water through it for about 30 seconds. See Figure H.

Figure H
(click image for full-size original)

Figure H

Step 10. Turn the actuator upside down and run warm water through the mouthpiece for about 30 seconds. See Figure I.

Figure I
(click image for full-size original)

Figure I

Step 11. Shake off as much water from the actuator as you can. Look into the mouthpiece to make sure any medicine build-up has been completely washed away. If there is any build-up, repeat Steps 9 and 10.

Step 12. Let the actuator air-dry overnight. See Figure J.

Figure J
(click image for full-size original)

Figure J

Step 13. When the actuator is dry, put the protective cap on the mouthpiece and then put the canister in the actuator and make sure it fits firmly. Shake the inhaler well, remove the cap, and spray the inhaler once into the air away from your face. (The counter will count down by 1 number.) Put the cap back on the mouthpiece.

If you need to use your inhaler before the actuator is completely dry:

Shake as much water off the actuator as you can.
Put the cap on the mouthpiece and then put the canister in the actuator and make sure it fits firmly.
Shake the inhaler well and spray it 1 time into the air away from your face.
Take your VENTOLIN HFA dose as prescribed.
Follow cleaning Steps 8 through 13 above.

Replacing your VENTOLIN HFA inhaler:

When the counter reads 020 , you should refill your prescription or ask your healthcare provider if you need another prescription for VENTOLIN HFA.
Throw the inhaler away when the counter reads 000 or 12 months after you opened the foil pouch, whichever comes first. You should not keep using the inhaler when the counter reads 000 because you will not receive the right amount of medicine.
Do not use the inhaler after the expiration date, which is on the packaging it comes in.

For correct use of your VENTOLIN HFA inhaler, remember:

The canister should always fit firmly in the actuator.
Breathe in deeply and slowly to make sure you get all the medicine.
Hold your breath for about 10 seconds after breathing in the medicine. Then breathe out fully.
Always keep the protective cap on the mouthpiece when your inhaler is not in use.
Always store your inhaler with the mouthpiece pointing down.
Clean your inhaler at least 1 time each week.

If you have questions about VENTOLIN HFA or how to use your inhaler, call GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) at 1-888-825-5249 or visit www.ventolin.com.

This Patient Information and Instructions for Use have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

VENTOLIN is a registered trademark of the GSK group of companies.

GlaxoSmithKline

Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

©2014, the GSK group of companies. All rights reserved.

December 2014

VNT:9PIL

All MedLibrary.org resources are included in as near-original form as possible, meaning that the information from the original provider has been rendered here with only typographical or stylistic modifications and not with any substantive alterations of content, meaning or intent.

This site is provided for educational and informational purposes only, in accordance with our Terms of Use, and is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner or other qualified health professional.

Privacy Policy | Copyright © 2023. All Rights Reserved.