VOSEVI- sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir tablet, film coated
Gilead Sciences, Inc.
WARNING: RISK OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS REACTIVATION IN PATIENTS COINFECTED WITH HCV AND HBV
Test all patients for evidence of current or prior hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection before initiating treatment with VOSEVI. HBV reactivation has been reported in HCV/HBV coinfected patients who were undergoing or had completed treatment with HCV direct-acting antivirals (DAA) and were not receiving HBV antiviral therapy. Some cases have resulted in fulminant hepatitis, hepatic failure, and death. Monitor HCV/HBV coinfected patients for hepatitis flare or HBV reactivation during HCV treatment and post-treatment follow-up. Initiate appropriate patient management for HBV infection as clinically indicated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE
VOSEVI is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A) who have [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Clinical Studies (14)]:
- genotype 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 infection and have previously been treated with an HCV regimen containing an NS5A inhibitor.
- genotype 1a or 3 infection and have previously been treated with an HCV regimen containing sofosbuvir without an NS5A inhibitor.
- Additional benefit of VOSEVI over sofosbuvir/velpatasvir was not shown in adults with genotype 1b, 2, 4, 5, or 6 infection previously treated with sofosbuvir without an NS5A inhibitor.
2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
2.1 Testing Prior to the Initiation of Therapy
Test all patients for evidence of current or prior HBV infection by measuring hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) before initiating HCV treatment with VOSEVI [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
2.2 Recommended Dosage
The recommended dosage of VOSEVI is one tablet, taken orally, once daily with food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. One tablet of VOSEVI contains 400 mg of sofosbuvir, 100 mg of velpatasvir, and 100 mg of voxilaprevir. Table 1 shows the recommended treatment regimen and duration based on patient population.
|Genotype||Patients Previously Treated with an HCV Regimen Containing:||VOSEVIDuration|
|1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6||An NS5A inhibitor *||12 weeks|
|1a or 3||Sofosbuvir without an NS5A inhibitor †||12 weeks|
2.3 Renal Impairment
No dosage adjustment of VOSEVI is recommended in patients with any degree of renal impairment including patients on dialysis [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
2.4 Moderate or Severe Hepatic Impairment
VOSEVI is not recommended in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C) due to higher exposures of voxilaprevir in these patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Use in Specific Populations (8.7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
Each VOSEVI tablet contains 400 mg of sofosbuvir, 100 mg of velpatasvir, and 100 mg of voxilaprevir. The tablets are beige, capsule-shaped, film-coated, and debossed with “GSI” on one side and “” on the other side.
VOSEVI is contraindicated with rifampin [see Drug Interactions (7.3), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
5.1 Risk of Hepatitis B Virus Reactivation in Patients Coinfected with HCV and HBV
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation has been reported in HCV/HBV coinfected patients who were undergoing or had completed treatment with HCV direct-acting antivirals, and who were not receiving HBV antiviral therapy. Some cases have resulted in fulminant hepatitis, hepatic failure, and death. Cases have been reported in patients who are HBsAg positive and also in patients with serologic evidence of resolved HBV infection (i.e., HBsAg negative and anti-HBc positive). HBV reactivation has also been reported in patients receiving certain immunosuppressant or chemotherapeutic agents; the risk of HBV reactivation associated with treatment with HCV direct-acting antivirals may be increased in these patients.
HBV reactivation is characterized as an abrupt increase in HBV replication manifesting as a rapid increase in serum HBV DNA level. In patients with resolved HBV infection reappearance of HBsAg can occur. Reactivation of HBV replication may be accompanied by hepatitis, i.e., increases in aminotransferase levels and, in severe cases, increases in bilirubin levels, liver failure, and death can occur.
Test all patients for evidence of current or prior HBV infection by measuring HBsAg and anti-HBc before initiating HCV treatment with VOSEVI. In patients with serologic evidence of HBV infection, monitor for clinical and laboratory signs of hepatitis flare or HBV reactivation during HCV treatment with VOSEVI and during post-treatment follow-up. Initiate appropriate patient management for HBV infection as clinically indicated.
5.2 Risk of Hepatic Decompensation/Failure in Patients with Evidence of Advanced Liver Disease
Postmarketing cases of hepatic decompensation/failure, including those with fatal outcomes, have been reported in patients treated with HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitor-containing regimens, including treatment with VOSEVI. Reported cases occurred in patients with baseline cirrhosis with and without moderate or severe liver impairment (Child-Pugh B or C). Because these events are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
In patients with compensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A) or evidence of advanced liver disease such as portal hypertension, perform hepatic laboratory testing as clinically indicated; and monitor for signs and symptoms of hepatic decompensation such as the presence of jaundice, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, and variceal hemorrhage. Discontinue VOSEVI in patients who develop evidence of hepatic decompensation/failure.
VOSEVI is not recommended in patients with moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C) or those with any history of prior hepatic decompensation [see Dosage and Administration (2.4), Adverse Reactions (6.2), Use in Specific Populations (8.7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
5.3 Serious Symptomatic Bradycardia When Coadministered with Amiodarone
Postmarketing cases of symptomatic bradycardia and cases requiring pacemaker intervention have been reported when amiodarone is coadministered with a sofosbuvir-containing regimen. A fatal cardiac arrest was reported in a patient taking amiodarone who was coadministered a sofosbuvir-containing regimen (HARVONI® (ledipasvir/sofosbuvir)). Bradycardia has generally occurred within hours to days, but cases have been observed up to 2 weeks after initiating HCV treatment. Patients also taking beta blockers, or those with underlying cardiac comorbidities and/or advanced liver disease may be at increased risk for symptomatic bradycardia with coadministration of amiodarone. Bradycardia generally resolved after discontinuation of HCV treatment. The mechanism for this effect is unknown.
Coadministration of amiodarone with VOSEVI is not recommended. For patients taking amiodarone who have no other alternative viable treatment options and who will be coadministered VOSEVI:
- Counsel patients about the risk of symptomatic bradycardia.
- Cardiac monitoring in an in-patient setting for the first 48 hours of coadministration is recommended, after which outpatient or self-monitoring of the heart rate should occur on a daily basis through at least the first 2 weeks of treatment.
Patients who are taking VOSEVI who need to start amiodarone therapy due to no other alternative viable treatment options should undergo similar cardiac monitoring as outlined above.
Due to amiodarone’s long half-life, patients discontinuing amiodarone just prior to starting VOSEVI should also undergo similar cardiac monitoring as outlined above.
Patients who develop signs or symptoms of bradycardia should seek medical evaluation immediately. Symptoms may include near-fainting or fainting, dizziness or lightheadedness, malaise, weakness, excessive tiredness, shortness of breath, chest pains, confusion, or memory problems [see Adverse Reactions (6.2) and Drug Interactions (7.3)].
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