Ximino

XIMINO- minocycline hydrochloride capsule, extended release
Ranbaxy Laboratories Inc.

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Indication

Ximino is indicated to treat only inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria as well as to maintain the effectiveness of other antibacterial drugs, Ximino should be used only as indicated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)].

1.2 Limitations of Use

Ximino did not demonstrate any effect on non-inflammatory acne lesions. Safety of Ximino has not been established beyond 12 weeks of use. This formulation of minocycline has not been evaluated in the treatment of infections [see Clinical Studies (14)].

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The recommended dosage of Ximino is approximately 1 mg/kg once daily for 12 weeks. Higher doses have not shown to be of additional benefit in the treatment of inflammatory lesions of acne, and may be associated with more acute vestibular side effects.

The following table shows capsule strength and body weight to achieve approximately 1 mg/kg.

Table 1: Dosing Table for Ximino
Patient’s Weight (lbs.) Patient’s Weight (kg) Capsule Strength (mg) Actual mg/kg Dose
99 to 122 45 to 55 45 1 to 0.82
123 to 164 56 to 74 67.5 1.21 to 0.91
165 to 212 75 to 96 90 1.20 to 0.94
213 to 276 97 to 125 112.5 1.16 to 0.90
277 to 300 126 to 136 135 1.07 to 0.99

Ximino may be taken with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12)]. The capsules should be swallowed whole without chewing, crushing or splitting. Ingestion of food along with Ximino may help reduce the risk of esophageal irritation and ulceration.

In patients with renal impairment, the total dosage should be decreased by either reducing the recommended individual doses and/or by extending the time intervals between doses [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

  • 45 mg Extended-Release Capsules: Opaque bluish green cap and opaque yellow body hard gelatin capsule with ‘RI18’ imprinted on both cap and body in black ink containing one yellow to grayish yellow colored film-coated, round tablet plain on both sides.
  • 90 mg Extended-Release Capsules: Opaque light blue cap and body hard gelatin capsule with ‘RI19’ imprinted on both cap and body in black ink containing two yellow to grayish yellow colored film-coated, round tablets plain on both sides.
  • 135 mg Extended-Release Capsules: Opaque bluish green cap and opaque light blue body hard gelatin capsule with RI20 imprinted on both cap and body in black ink containing three yellow to grayish yellow colored film-coated, round tablets plain on both sides.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Ximino is contraindicated in persons who have shown hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Teratogenic Effects

A. Minocycline, like other tetracycline-class drugs, can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. If any tetracycline is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking these drugs, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

Ximino should not be used during pregnancy or by individuals of either gender who are attempting to conceive a child [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

B. The use of drugs of the tetracycline class during tooth development (last half of pregnancy, infancy, and childhood up to the age of 8 years) may cause permanent discoloration of the teeth (yellow-gray-brown).

Permanent discoloration of the teeth is more common during long-term use of the drug but has been observed following repeated short-term courses. Enamel hypoplasia has also been reported. Tetracycline drugs, therefore, should not be used during tooth development.

C. All tetracyclines form a stable calcium complex in any bone-forming tissue. A decrease in fibula growth rate has been observed in premature human infants given oral tetracycline in doses of 25 mg/kg every 6 hours. The decrease in fibula growth rate was shown to be reversible when the drug was discontinued.

Results of animal studies indicate that tetracyclines cross the placenta, are found in fetal tissues, and can cause retardation of skeletal development on the developing fetus. Evidence of embryotoxicity has been noted in animals treated early in pregnancy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

5.2 Pseudomembranous Colitis

Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents, including minocycline, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon leading to overgrowth of C. difficile.

C. difficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibiotic use. Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over two months after the administration of antibacterial agents.

If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C. difficile , and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.

5.3 Hepatotoxicity

Postmarketing cases of serious liver injury, including irreversible drug-induced hepatitis and fulminant hepatic failure (sometimes fatal) have been reported with minocycline use in the treatment of acne.

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