YUPELRI

YUPELRI- revefenacin solution
Mylan Specialty L.P.

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

YUPELRI inhalation solution is indicated for the maintenance treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The recommended dose of YUPELRI inhalation solution is one 175 mcg unit‑dose vial administered once daily by nebulizer using a mouthpiece.

YUPELRI should be administered by the orally inhaled route via a standard jet nebulizer connected to an air compressor (See Patient Information). The safety and efficacy of YUPELRI have been established in clinical trials when administered using the PARI LC® Sprint nebulizer with a mouthpiece and the PARI Trek® S compressor. The safety and efficacy of YUPELRI delivered from non‑compressor based nebulizer systems have not been established.

The YUPELRI unit-dose vial should only be removed from the foil pouch and opened IMMEDIATELY BEFORE USE. The vial and any residual content should be discarded after use.

No dosage adjustment is required for geriatric patients, or patients with renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (8.5, 8.7, 12.3)].

The drug compatibility (physical and chemical), efficacy, and safety of YUPELRI when mixed with other drugs in a nebulizer have not been established.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

YUPELRI inhalation solution is supplied as a sterile, clear, colorless, aqueous solution for nebulization in low-density polyethylene unit-dose vials. Each vial contains 175 mcg of revefenacin in 3 mL of aqueous solution.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

YUPELRI is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to revefenacin or any component of this product.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Deterioration of Disease and Acute Episodes

YUPELRI should not be initiated in patients during acutely deteriorating or potentially life-threatening episodes of COPD. YUPELRI has not been studied in subjects with acutely deteriorating COPD. The initiation of YUPELRI in this setting is not appropriate.

YUPELRI is intended as a once-daily maintenance treatment for COPD and should not be used for relief of acute symptoms, i.e. as rescue therapy for the treatment of acute episodes of bronchospasm, and extra doses should not be used for that purpose. Acute symptoms should be treated with an inhaled, short-acting beta2 -agonist.

COPD may deteriorate acutely over a period of hours or chronically over several days or longer. If YUPELRI no longer controls symptoms of bronchoconstriction, the patient’s inhaled, short-acting beta2 -agonist becomes less effective, or the patient needs more inhalations of a short-acting beta2 -agonist than usual, these may be markers of deterioration of disease. In this setting, a re-evaluation of the patient and the COPD treatment regimen should be undertaken at once. Increasing the daily dose of YUPELRI beyond the recommended dose is not appropriate in this situation.

5.2 Paradoxical Bronchospasm

As with other inhaled medicines, YUPELRI can produce paradoxical bronchospasm that may be life-threatening. If paradoxical bronchospasm occurs following dosing with YUPELRI, it should be treated immediately with an inhaled, short-acting bronchodilator; YUPELRI should be discontinued immediately and alternative therapy should be instituted.

5.3 Worsening of Narrow-Angle Glaucoma

YUPELRI should be used with caution in patients with narrow-angle glaucoma. Prescribers and patients should be alert for signs and symptoms of acute narrow-angle glaucoma (e.g. eye pain or discomfort, blurred vision, visual halos or colored images in association with red eyes from conjunctival congestion and corneal edema). Instruct patients to consult a physician immediately if any of these signs or symptoms develops.

5.4 Worsening of Urinary Retention

YUPELRI should be used with caution in patients with urinary retention. Prescribers and patients should be alert for signs and symptoms of urinary retention (e.g. difficulty passing urine, painful urination), especially in patients with prostatic hyperplasia or bladder-neck obstruction. Instruct patients to consult a healthcare provider immediately if any of these signs or symptoms develops.

5.5 Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions

Immediate hypersensitivity reactions may occur after administration of YUPELRI. If such a reaction occurs, therapy with YUPELRI should be stopped at once and alternative treatments should be considered.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following potential adverse reactions are described in greater detail in other sections:

Paradoxical bronchospasm [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
Worsening of narrow-angle glaucoma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
Worsening of urinary retention [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
Immediate hypersensitivity reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]

6.1 Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The YUPELRI safety database included 2,285 subjects with COPD in two 12-week efficacy studies and one 52-week long-term safety study. A total of 730 subjects received treatment with YUPELRI 175 mcg once daily. The safety data described below are based on the two 12-week trials and the one 52-week trial.

12-Week Trials

YUPELRI was studied in two 12-week replicate placebo-controlled trials in patients with moderate to very severe COPD (Trials 1 and 2). In these trials, 395 patients were treated with YUPELRI at the recommended dose of 175 mcg once daily.

The population had a mean age of 64 years (range from 41 to 88 years), with 50% males, 90% Caucasian, and had COPD with a mean post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ) percent predicted of 55%. Of subjects enrolled in the two 12-week trials, 37% were taking concurrent LABA or ICS/LABA therapy. Patients with unstable cardiac disease, narrow-angle glaucoma, or symptomatic prostatic hypertrophy or bladder outlet obstruction were excluded from these trials.

Table 1 shows the most common adverse reactions that occurred with a frequency of greater than or equal to 2% in the YUPELRI group and higher than placebo in the two 12‑week placebo-controlled trials.

The proportion of subjects who discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions was 13% for the YUPELRI-treated subjects and 19% for placebo-treated subjects.

Table 1: Adverse Events with YUPELRI ≥2% Incidence and Higher than Placebo

Placebo

(N = 418)

YUPELRI 175 mcg

(N = 395)

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders

Cough

17 (4%)

17 (4%)

Infections and Infestations

Nasopharyngitis

9 (2%)

15 (4%)

Upper respiratory tract infection

9 (2%)

11 (3%)

Nervous System Disorders

Headache

11 (3%)

16 (4%)

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders

Back pain

3 (1%)

9 (2%)

Other adverse reactions defined as events with an incidence of ≥1.0%, less than 2.0%, and more common than with placebo included the following: hypertension, dizziness, oropharyngeal pain, and bronchitis.

52-Week Trial

YUPELRI was studied in one 52-week, open-label, active-control (tiotropium 18 mcg once daily) trial in 1,055 patients with COPD. In this trial, 335 patients were treated with YUPELRI 175 mcg once daily and 356 patients with tiotropium. The demographic and baseline characteristics of the long-term safety trial were similar to those of the placebo-controlled 12-week studies described, with the exception that concurrent LABA or LABA/ICS therapy was used in 50% of patients. The adverse reactions reported in the long-term safety trial for YUPELRI were consistent with those observed in the placebo-controlled studies of 12-weeks.

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